A woman has kept HIV undiagnosed for 15 years without the use of drugs to eradicate the virus

In a case that known as “distinctive” and “distinctive”, a affected person with HIV (HIV) has an unknown virus “for greater than 15 years”, earlier than utilizing drugs to remove the illness.

A Spanish affected person participated in a scientific trial performed by a scientific crew at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. At the press convention, Josep Mallolas, the head of the HIV-AIDS clinic at the hospital, defined that, if the affected person has been on treatment “for a short while” – without utilizing treatment for “greater than 15 years” – “hey, he stops the AIDS virus”.

The medical crew that carried out the analysis not solely discovered this, but in addition recognized which technique might be affected by the chance of making the virus invisible, added the director, in a press release to the Spanish newspaper “El País”.


By inspecting the quantity of blood cells – resembling NK cells (or “pure killer”, the identify used to determine these cells which are half of the immune system) and CD8 + T lymphocytes (that are half of the similar system and may trigger the dying of the similar cells) contaminated via different means) – the medical crew famous that “there’s a important enchancment in the unfold of the virus”.

This means that these small cells, and never CD4+ T lymphocytes, that are the “major gate” of the virus getting into the physique, “are accountable” for this. These are, in accordance to the group, the “major points” of the research. “The affected person has a really massive quantity of cells, which may block or destroy the contaminated cells,” mentioned Núria Climent, one of the docs who performed the scientific trial.

The Spanish affected person, who was recognized with HIV in 2006, is the just one of the 20 individuals who participated in the check to reveal full management of the illness. However, the medical crew is optimistic about the outcomes that may be achieved in the future.

“If we are able to, via therapy, replicate or replicate the immune system that the affected person has, the advantages can be nice,” mentioned director Josep Mallolas, contemplating that that is “the first success of the immune system towards the virus.”. “.


For Ricardo Fernandes, chief government of the Anti-Treatment Group (GAT), which helps individuals residing with HIV and AIDS, the “unusual” side of the research is the time when HIV was undetectable. the affected person’s physique.

In an interview with Expresso, he factors out, nonetheless, that circumstances of individuals, like the well-known “Berlin affected person”, who’ve been cured of HIV, even “via different strategies”, have already been recognized. There are additionally circumstances the place it was potential, from the starting of the illness, to management the virus “without medication”.

Timothy Ray Brown, as the affected person was known as, was the first recognized particular person to be cured of HIV after receiving a particular sort of bone marrow transplant. He died in 2020, in California, after a recurrence of the most cancers that was recognized in 2006.

The director-general additionally emphasizes that outcomes resembling these obtained in scientific trials “are tough to repeat” and check “many individuals”, so the concept that “we at the moment are shut to discovering a remedy for atypical individuals residing with HIV”.

The medical crew itself, he says, “didn’t perceive what precipitated the affected person to have a distinct end result than the different individuals who participated in the research”. “What has been achieved can’t be transferred to scientific follow”, he says.

Ricardo Fernandes considers, in spite of this, that these outcomes are “excellent news”, as a result of they “enhance data” and permit “a greater understanding of the mechanisms associated to the virus and the features of different cells”. It reveals that NK cells and CD8+ T lymphocytes have a “important preponderance” in controlling the illness, “one thing that has not been seen in different circumstances”.


Details have been revealed about the affected person in query, whose identify has not been launched for privateness causes. It is just recognized that he’s of “outdated age” and that he’s in “good well being”.

About 38 million individuals in the world are contaminated with HIV, in accordance to a research by the United Nations Organization for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). In Portugal, the incidence was 7.6 per 100,000 individuals in 2019, in accordance to knowledge not too long ago launched by the Directorate-General for Health. The worth is above the European Union common, which is 4.9.

  • Text: Expresso, a newspaper in partnership with POSTAL

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