Alagoas has the second highest incidence (/100,000 inhab.) of dengue in the Northeast. According to the Epidemiological Bulletin of the Ministry of Health, there are 704.7 instances per 100,000 folks, second in Rio Grande do Norte, with 981.8 instances per 100 thousand folks. The bulletin brings the prognosis of dengue and chikungunya as much as epidemiological week (SE) 29 (2/1/2022 to 7/25/2022) and zika as much as SE 27. Alagoas recorded 23,717 instances of dengue, 5,816 chikungunya and 441 instances of zika.
The newest data from the Information System for Notification of Diseases of the Ministry of Health (Sinan/MS) exhibits that the authorities has already registered 29,994 instances of dengue, 7,032 of chikungunya and 793 of zika, as much as the month of July. Alagoas additionally recorded three deaths from arboviruses, two from dengue and one from chikungunya.
In the identical interval of final yr, there have been 3,874 instances of dengue, 336 instances of chikungunya and 199 instances of zika, displaying a rise of 774.23%, 2092.85% and 398.49%, respectively.
Diseases transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito – dengue, zika and chikungunya – are thought of critical and might be deadly if not handled correctly. According to the President of Sociedade Alagoana de Infectologia, Vânia Pires, instances of arboviruses are initially confused with influenza and coronavirus.
Symptoms reminiscent of fever, headache, malaise, joint ache, purple spots and rashes on the pores and skin, nausea and vomiting are quite common. To discover out if the affected person has dengue, chikungunya or zika, in explicit, in addition to the medical prognosis, a medical examination can be performed.
With the rain that fell this week in Alagoas, instances might improve considerably. “All illnesses of dengue, zika and chikungunya, in addition to leptospirosis, which often take 15 days after the flood to seem, and have signs much like flu and coronavirus, needs to be elevated”, stated the physician of infectious illnesses.
Capital recorded a rise of 603.93%
The quantity of confirmed instances of dengue in the capital elevated by 603.93%. According to knowledge from the Municipal Health Department (SMS), there have been 8,283 confirmed instances at the finish of July. In the identical interval of 2021, 1,244 instances of the illness had been reported.
The provinces of Maceió with the highest incidence of dengue are: Chã de Jaqueira (2508.25 instances/100,000 inhab); Center (1499.42 instances/100 thousand inhabitants) and Kanaã (1260.15 instances/100 thousand inhabitants).
The improve in chikungunya instances was very noticeable. By the finish of July this yr, there have been 3,120 instances. In the identical interval of 2021, 57 instances had been reported, similar to a rise of 5843.85%.
The highest incidence of Chikungunya is in rural districts (1845.44 instances/100 thousand inhabitants); Chã de Jaqueira (1095.06 instances /100 thousand inhabitants) and Mangabeiras (587.83 instances /100 thousand inhabitants).
There had been 32 confirmed instances of Zika, a rise of 54.05% in comparison with the identical interval final yr.
Although they’re similar to dengue, the most fascinating factor is that from the starting, in Chikungunya, the ache could be very linked. Another attribute is that after the most painful section, which lasts between three to 14 days, the joint ache can return and proceed for months”, he explains.
For these causes, there may be an evolution to the most important half of Chikungunya, which lasts for a number of months. Doctors name it the sequelae of the illness, sufferers develop persistent ache in the joints and the signs are similar to rheumatic illnesses. This can forestall or hinder the resumption of day by day actions. For these sufferers, follow-up by a rheumatologist is critical to scale back persistent irritation, particularly in the arms and ft”, says the rheumatologist.
Long-term remedy relies on the particular person affected person, however might embrace medicines for rheumatoid arthritis.
Regarding the prevention of Chikungunya, the physician advises to be very cautious with stagnant water, as a result of the illness is unfold by mosquitoes. The suggestions are the identical as these used to forestall dengue. Mosquitoes love stagnant water, we should double this care and get rid of plagues. Responsibility is a gaggle, all of the authorities’s energy and everybody.