Lack of sleep is a rising downside in Brazilian actuality. This is what a current examine performed by the lecturers of the University of São Paulo (USP) and the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp) reveals. The examine, revealed by a scientific journal Epidemiology of Sleep, surveyed 2,635 adults throughout the nation, and discovered that 65.5 p.c of them admitted to having some kind of sleep downside. Many, particularly ladies, reported that they’ve issues resembling insomnia, fixed reference to cellphones and the presence of one other one who retains sleeping.
Likewise, some scientific analysis factors to an ever-increasing charge of one other comparable downside: weight problems. According to a examine of the consequences of the weight problems epidemic on the Unified Health System (SUS), performed by 17 researchers from Brazil and Chile, the proportion of Brazilians who’re overweight has elevated from 42.6% in 2006 to 55 .4% in 2019, reaching 68% in 2030. The variety of overweight individuals went from 11.8% to 20.3% in the identical interval, with estimates for 26% in eight years.
The connection between weight problems and sleep problems has been noticed for a few years and many other scientific research have been performed around the globe. According to professor Arlete Cristina Granizo Santos, from the examine of Medicine on the University of Tiradentes (Unit Sergipe), it can be seen in each males and ladies. However, what differentiates between males and ladies is the time when an individual has a critical sleep downside.
For ladies, the causes, particularly the rise in being pregnant, are extra frequent after menopause. “In the analysis carried out within the final twenty years on the connection between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its results on the physique, they discovered that there’s a shut relationship between this situation and visceral fats, and the affect of weight problems, being a technique This signifies that the rise of visceral fats can lead to OSA, as OSA can considerably have an effect on the buildup of visceral fats”, explains Arlete.
The professor says that within the postmenopause interval, due to hormonal modifications, weight problems and a rise in belly fats happen in many ladies. Overweight and weight problems lead to narrowing of the lumen of the airway due to the buildup of fats between the muscle fibers, growing the contraction of the pharynx, which can trigger sedation and hinder sleep. “In the identical means, weight problems, due to the rise within the abdomen due to the rise in fats, prevents the expansion of the chest throughout respiration, lowering the strain of the air, which leads to the lack of air,” he provides.
Arlete reiterates that high quality of life is significantly affected by sleep problems. “Divided sleep, as in OSA, doesn’t restore, disrupts the behavior of sufferers with considered one of these, due to frequent fatigue, extreme daytime sleepiness, complications and melancholy. , which reaches the height of sort 2 diabetes, a critical illness and even acute myocardial infarction”, he warns.
What to keep away from?
In order to keep away from the issues brought on by sleep apnea and other sleep problems, the professor first reveals the otorhinolaryngological medical examination, to get rid of the obstructions within the higher airway, which ought to be handled. Diseases that promote the buildup of visceral fats and hormonal imbalances also needs to be identified and handled.
Good sleep measures ought to be taken, however with care to keep a wholesome life-style, resembling consuming proper and exercising. Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol, in addition to consuming stimulants resembling espresso, black tea or tea, shut to bedtime, so that you simply can loosen up sufficient to get evening’s sleep. “In addition, it is suggested not to eat at evening with numerous meals. The place you sleep with is essential. The warmth and lighting ought to be enough, and don’t use your cellphone, pc or iPad when you sleep. go to mattress. sleep,” stated Arlete.
(with extra from Agência Brasil)
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