Debt is distress. Facts about migrant workers in Qatar

The spectacular pictures that come to us from Qatar of the eight giant stadiums that have been constructed to host the 2022 World Cup, which begins in mid-November, conceal the reality and the ache of how migrant workers are doing their jobs. made the development work attainable with out it. examples.

The nation employed hundreds of migrant workers to construct eight stadiums, a brand new airport, new roads, public transport and motels. The Qatari authorities has employed 30,000 workers to construct stadiums.

In 2021, the seek for The Guardian confirmed that greater than 6500 workers from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have died in Qatar because the nation prepares to host the World Cup. Forced to work for 12 consecutive hours with out relaxation, many of those workers ended up dying of coronary heart assaults and asphyxiation because of the excessive warmth. The newspaper reported that in the previous 12 years, about 12 migrant workers died each week.

In the previous few months, increasingly more tales have been printed revealing the plight of migrant workers and the alarming extent of the abuses they face.

In addition to the hardships they dwell in, these workers – largely from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka – dwell in poverty because of the low wages and unlawful charges they’re compelled to pay. In addition, workers are compelled to work below the specter of not being paid, handed over to the police or banned from leaving Qatar.

According to the report of The Guardianworkers dwell in “shacks,” with no home windows and in filthy circumstances.
Required to pay recruitment charges
All the workers interviewed by the British newspaper reported that they have been compelled to pay unlawful charges to workers in their international locations to guard their jobs.

Migrants from Bangladesh and Nepal make up a 3rd of the workforce in Qatar and pay, on common, a price starting from 1,500 to 1,500, or US$3,000 to US$4,000, relying on the job. Employees can go into debt, as a result of they earn greater than $275 a month.many should work for greater than a 12 months to pay the registration charges or are compelled to take out loans.

“I paid 300,000 [moeda do Bangladesh] on wage,” stated one other employee The Guardian, an quantity equal to about 3000 euros. “Some pay a bit, some a bit, however everybody pays,” he stated.

“The wages are very low, it’s totally troublesome”, admitted a newspaper employee, who says he can ship solely 180 euros a month to his spouse and kids who dwell in India.

The organizing committee for the 2022 World Cup established a system in 2018 to make sure that corporations which have contracts with stadiums which might be being constructed pay their workers recruitment charges. The similar corporations are stated to have reimbursed greater than $28 million to 49,000 workers. However, all of the workers who have been interviewed by a assistant He stated he didn’t return the cash.
unfold system
Many workers utilized for this job as a result of they noticed it as a method to earn a residing, as a result of they can not discover work or cash in their nation of origin.

However, in addition to the deplorable circumstances and money owed they’ve, these males are nonetheless imprisoned by their employers, prevented from altering jobs or leaving the nation.

This is on account of a system known as kafala, which the federal government makes use of in Qatar to manage migrant workers. The system requires all workers to have an agent in the nation, normally their employer, who is accountable for their visa and authorized necessities.

Criticized by a number of human rights organizations, Qatar introduced in 2020 a brand new regulation that promised to abolish the kafala system. However, the workers say they proceed to be pressured by the corporate to not change jobs.

“The firm doesn’t enable us to go away. We can change it if we go house, cancel the visa and fill out a brand new kind,” stated one other worker.

“If we may change jobs, everybody would go away,” stated one employee.
Several staff fired
Recently, a number of workers have been fired for protesting towards unpaid wages.

A dozen workers protested in August exterior the native places of work of Al Bandary International Group in Doha, a conglomerate that features building, housing, motels, meals companies and different companies.

Among the protestors, there have been some who had not been paid for seven months.

Most of the protesters have been arrested and a few have been deported for “violating safety legal guidelines”, the Qatari authorities stated.

In response to those experiences, FIFA has acknowledged that quite a few measures have been carried out in current years to enhance the safety of workers’ rights in Qatar.

For its half, the Qatari authorities additionally stated that it had just lately launched a number of reforms to ascertain a working surroundings for refugees and rejected the 2021 Amnesty report which acknowledged that hundreds of migrant workers proceed to be employed in the nation.

According to Amnesty International, greater than 17,000 soccer gamers from 15 international locations say FIFA ought to pay migrant workers in Qatar for human rights violations.

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