Diagnosing head and neck cancer is very common

Head and neck cancer describes mouth and nostril cavities, pharynx, larynx, paranasal sinuses, thyroid and salivary glands. On common, 76% of instances are recognized at a complicated stage, which makes therapy troublesome, along with growing the danger of loss of life.

According to the Ministry of Health, the loss of life fee from head and neck cancer has decreased from 5.69 per 100,000 individuals in 2017 to five.12 in 2020. Among males, this quantity has decreased from 9, 20 deaths in 2017 and 8.21 deaths in 2020. 2020, per 100,000 males. Among girls, the quantity went from 2.34 deaths per 100,000 girls in 2017 to 2.17 in 2020. However, regardless of the restoration, this sort of tumor is one of many primary causes of cancer loss of life within the nation.

Head and neck cancer is extra common in male people who smoke over the age of 40. Smoking will increase the danger of creating the illness as much as 5 instances. If it is mixed with alcohol consumption, the danger will increase.

According to oncologist Alessandra Leite, the primary causes of head and neck tumors are associated to smoking and extreme alcohol consumption.

“Smoking and extreme consuming are the 2 primary causes of this illness. Obviously, these two issues usually are not mutually unique, the event of a neoplasm is at all times extra, so the affected person could have a genetic predisposition to it”, concludes the oncologist.

HPV an infection is additionally a threat issue for oropharyngeal cancer. Dr Alessandra factors out that HPV and the Epstein-Barr virus also can trigger head and neck warts, however they’re uncommon.


The primary signs of this sort of tumor are very just like different medical issues, so they need to be investigated if they seem.

  • The look of a tumor within the throat;
  • A mouth ulcer that doesn’t heal inside 15 days;
  • Sore throat that doesn’t go away;
  • Difficulty swallowing;
  • Change of phrases or phrases.

Mayara Ayres, 25 years outdated, residing in Águas Claras (DF), was recognized with thyroid cancer on the age of 23, after being misdiagnosed.

“I fought with my therapy, as a result of right here in Brasilia there is no physician who needs to take away part of me, my node was on the left and each physician I went to needed to take away your entire thyroid gland and I did not do it. I did not need to, I did not need to depend on medication,” says Mayara.

After researching, Mayara discovered robotic surgical procedure, the place the incisions are made below the lip and can solely take away the mandatory half.

Neck ache and hoarseness: when do you have to suspect thyroid cancer?


According to the Brazilian Association of Head and Neck Cancer (ACBG), the therapy of benign and malignant tumors on this area nearly at all times includes surgical procedure. If wanted, there is extra help. Primary tumors could not require radiation or chemotherapy if they’re fully eliminated by surgical procedure.

Due to the anatomical location, head and neck cancer can create a number of modifications and sequelae within the sufferers’ essential features, similar to meals, communication, odor, imaginative and prescient and social interplay. Therefore, relying on the scenario, a number of reforms are essential to regain a great life, and:

Phone Repair: Adapting to a brand new way of life by entry to specialised medical care.

Lung Rehabilitation: The purpose is to assist individuals obtain independence and lung capability.

Maxillofacial: Urgent want for oral and/or phonatory prostheses, and generally feeding tubes.

Physiotherapy: It tries to compensate for the deficits brought on by the tumor, by strengthening and coaching sure muscle teams, similar to rhomboids and levator scapulae.

For extra data, go to the web site of the Brazilian Head and Neck Cancer Association.


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