Most girls expertise irregular intervals, typically extreme menstrual cramps, and painful intercourse. But for 10 p.c of ladies of childbearing age, these symptoms indicate one thing extra critical: endometriosis. When this occurs, tissue from the endometrium – the within of the uterus – strikes outward and attaches to close by organs, such because the fallopian tubes, bladder, or intestines. Every month throughout menstruation, the endometrial tissue swells and swells.
“Endometriosis is a warfare zone,” she says Health physician Tamer Seckin, founder and medical director of the Endometriosis Foundation of America (EFA) and writer A Doctor Will See You Now: Diagnosing and Treating Endometriosis (A Doctor Will See You Now: Diagnosing and Treating Endometriosis) “If left untreated, it is a scar that will not heal throughout a girl’s menstrual cycle.”
Symptoms of endometriosis
The drawback is, medical doctors typically confuse endometriosis with different causes of pelvic ache, comparable to pelvic inflammatory illness, pelvic inflammatory illness, or PMS (premenstrual syndrome). And whereas many ladies with endometriosis expertise extreme and debilitating symptoms, some do not. If you are experiencing symptoms of endometriosis – extreme or not – make an appointment with a specialist:
1- Menstrual ache
Abdominal ache that does not go away after taking some NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication) is without doubt one of the symptoms of endometriosis. Abdominal ache can begin just a few days earlier than your interval and can final just a few days into your interval, says Seckin. The ache might be so debilitating that it takes a girl away from each day actions, she says.
2- Heavy bleeding
With endometriosis, fixed ache is not the one factor your interval brings. Heavy bleeding is one other frequent symptom of endometriosis. You may want to vary tampons or tampons each hour or two throughout your interval and may see bleeding, says Seckin.
Your interval should not exceed six days, says the physician. With endometriosis, the interval lasts longer than every week.
4- Painful intercourse
When the endometrial tissue strikes exterior the uterus, it might probably stick to varied organs and “freeze” in that place. Lack of flexibility could make intercourse extra painful. “Early on, premenstrual intercourse is painful,” says Seckin. “But in excessive conditions, intercourse is at all times painful.” Arousal and orgasm damage – even throughout intercourse, he says.
5-(*7*) ache and urination
Endometrial tissue can follow the colon, making one thing so simple as going to the toilet a nightmare. Symptoms of uterine endometriosis can range from affected person to affected person and may embody constipation, diarrhea, belly ache, nausea, pelvic ache, and bleeding.
6-Nausea and fatigue
Think about your worst PMS drawback – likelihood is, you’ve had just a few days of feeling extraordinarily drained, a little bit sore, and perhaps even nauseous. Now, draw 100 occasions and you can have a greater thought of what it’s wish to cope with the symptoms of endometriosis throughout menstruation. It may cause nausea, vomiting, and fatigue that worsens this month.
About 30% to 40% of ladies with endometriosis have fertility issues, based on the Endometriosis Foundation of America. In truth, many ladies do not know they’ve endometriosis till they obtain fertility remedy.