Keyshawn Johnson’s historical past lesson started with a query. In 2020, Bob Glauber, a Newsday reporter, needed to write a guide about Kenny Washington and Woody Strode, whose signings to the Los Angeles Rams in 1946 broke an efficient ban on Black gamers in the NFL
Glauber figured he would ask Johnson, who had been an outspoken member of the Jets in the late 90s when Glauber lined the crew, about them. Johnson, like each gamers, is a Los Angeles native, though he performed school soccer at USC lengthy after Washington and Strode have been standouts on the similar 1939 UCLA crew as Jackie Robinson.
Yet Johnson mentioned he had no concept of their significance as two of the 4 Black gamers to break the NFL’s shade barrier. He didn’t even know that NFL homeowners had struck a gents’s settlement not to signal Black gamers that lasted from 1934 to 1946. The ban, Johnson discovered, was solely damaged after businessmen and journalists in Los Angeles pressured the Rams into signing Washington and Strode in 1946. Bill Willis and Marion Motley joined the Cleveland Browns the similar 12 months.
Johnson’s lack of information was an indication of how little the NFL had achieved to have fun the gamers. But that can change on Saturday, when the Pro Football Hall of Fame will give its Pioneer Award to the gamers’ households at its annual enshrinement ceremony.
It wouldn’t have occurred with out Johnson and Glauber, who lobbied the Hall for the honor and wrote “The Forgotten First: Kenny Washington, Woody Strode, Marion Motley, Bill Willis and the Breaking of the NFL Color Barrier,” which was launched in 2021 .
In a telephone interview, Johnson and Glauber spoke about why the historical past of the so-called Forgotten Four has gone largely unrecognized, the results of the NFL’s racist previous and the influence of giving the 4 pioneering gamers their due.
This interview has been evenly edited for readability and condensed.
Keyshawn, you wrote that you simply didn’t find out about Washington or Stroud although you performed school soccer in the similar Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum that they did after they attended UCLA
KEYSHAWN JOHNSON You know, when you concentrate on it rising up, if you speak about African American communities or Black colleges, there’s solely 4 Black individuals talked about in historical past: Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Harriet Tubman. I imply, it is fairly primary. Jackie Robinson in sports activities. Jesse Owens in sports activities and just a little little bit of Arthur Ashe sprinkled in. There’s no actual deep dive into the historical past. And once we get to school, it is rinse and repeat over again. They’re going to educate us all about white historical past.
So when Bob introduced this to my consideration, it piqued my curiosity as a result of it was in my very own yard, inside blocks of the place I grew up. I had no data about it as a result of it simply wasn’t talked about. There is a monument at the Coliseum of Kenny Washington. But I do not know if it is up there at the Rose Bowl. I simply do not ever bear in mind seeing it, and I’m going to plenty of video games there.
One of the most compelling sections of the guide was the dialogue of the implicit ban on signing Black gamers. You level to George Preston Marshall, the segregationist proprietor of the Washington franchise, as having led the ban, however you notice that the different homeowners went together with him.
JOHNSON It by no means occurs with only one man. You cannot name everyone a racist, however if you tolerate and also you ignore and also you flip your head the different means, you are simply as culpable. You’re simply as a lot at fault as the ones who initiated it. That’s the means it’s in skilled sports activities and in politics at present. Same stuff, completely different years.
For a long time, Major League Baseball has celebrated Jackie Robinson and confronted the ugly legacy of that league’s shade barrier. Why has it taken the NFL so lengthy to do the similar?
JOHNSON At the time, baseball was the primary sport in America when Jackie Robinson was doing his deal. Whereas in soccer, you had Fritz Pollard [Pollard was the first Black head coach in pro football and won a championship as a player for the Akron Pros in 1920.] after which a stoppage at a time when school soccer and baseball have been greater. The league tends to get plenty of issues flawed after which attempt to appropriate them later, so it isn’t out of the realm that it may have simply fully flown over their heads.
BOB GLAUBER This is just not a very righteous story, banning Black gamers. And now, Black gamers make up roughly 70 % of the whole rosters of the NFL. The league didn’t cowl itself in glory with this story.
That mentioned, once we went to the league and form of appeared for evaluation and opinion, beginning with Roger Goodell, he owned it. He mentioned: “That story is true, and we will not change that and now we have to settle for it.”
The 4 gamers, that they had diverging careers: Some lasted longer. Some lasted, really, fairly briefly. Do any of their private tales resonate louder with you, Keyshawn?
JOHNSON It’s simply extra about how they have been handled by a few of their teammates, each good and dangerous. Those tales at all times stick to me. How individuals like George Preston Marshall vindictively handled individuals, but was nonetheless in a position to personal a crew and needed Black gamers to serve him. To me, it is thoughts boggling. At the similar time, these gamers nonetheless combat by means of it and never let it personal them or take their spirits away for doing stuff that they need to do, which was taking part in skilled sports activities. Motley received principally blackballed, could not play or coach in the National Football League, however he continued to combat by means of it. That perseverance, that psychological toughness is what it is all about to me.
Race stays a central rigidity in the NFL with the Brian Flores go well with that alleged he was discriminated towards in hiring, racial bias in the concussions settlement and criticism that there are few crew homeowners of shade. So will these 4 gamers being honored at the Hall of Fame change the dynamic?
GLAUBER This simply looks as if an emotional conclusion to their story as a result of the Hall of Fame is honoring them. But to me, it is really the starting of extra consciousness of who they have been, what they did and why they have been so necessary as a result of they don’t seem to be family names like Jackie Robinson. I do not know in the event that they ever will probably be. But they need to be.