Genetic forensics knowledgeable, consultant of Estância Velha and professor of Law at Faccat, Rafael Sauthier, represented at the nationwide degree the necessary problem of managing the database of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA), built-in between States. , to resolve crime.
He is the creator of the guide Identification and genetic crime investigation, which was launched in 2015. The use of DNA is a know-how that’s adopted worldwide and in Brazil it has been utilized by the authorities, by means of the Civil and Federal Police and the Department of Crime, since 2012.
In tales and occasions, the place Rafael talks about this problem, he emphasizes that by means of DNA it’s potential to resolve instances shortly. “It is the genetic profile of the samples requested from the crime scene, they’re positioned in the database, the place there may be already the genetic profile of a number of folks. The pc makes a comparability, and if the genetic profile of the felony matches the genetic profile of one of these folks, it’s mentioned that there was a “match” “. And this particular person has been positioned at the place the place he dedicated the crime, as proof of the crime,” explains the consultant.
According to Mr. Sauthier, the work is completed by amassing organic samples from the crime scene, akin to blood, saliva, nails, cells, human tissue, items of pores and skin, semen, amongst others. “From these samples, that are referred to as questions, a technical technique referred to as genetic typing is carried out, by means of which the gene of the one who left these samples at the crime scene is faraway from the samples. The genetic profile is sort of a genetic fingerprint”, mentioned the consultant.
In addition to this guide, Sauthier’s work is an in-depth educational research on the subject, which is a pioneer in the nation and has been cited in graduate papers, essays and articles. “It might be one of the most profound and main books on this subject in the nation and in Portuguese,” says the consultant, which confirms that the fundamental thought of the work he has been creating is to advertise and publicize. the must have genetic samples from all inmates from Brazil to match with the materials collected in the prisons.
“It’s a subject that covers the ideas of molecular biology, the total coding course of, felony identification. I attempt to clarify it in a manner that individuals who do not have technical information can perceive. In the second minute, I take instances from different nations. Then, I touch upon the regulation and, in the finish, I do the entire course of, the human rights concerned, the way to resolve this”, sums up the consultant.
Actions in police stations
The use of DNA already exists in Brazil and has already reached the Police Station. According to the consultant, the police requires this sort of experience and the crime department, which is nicely geared up and educated, is the one who carries out the experience and prepares studies, that are mixed with investigations and instances, which act as felony instances. testimony. “The police solely ask for experience from the Department of Criminalistics, which is the one which does the experience, takes organic samples from the crime scene or from the individuals who describe them, make genetics, make studies, put the historical past in the historical past of genetics for felony functions”, emphasizes Sauthier.