Meningitis: learn how to treat it and how to take care of it to prevent infection

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1.2 million and 135,000 folks die from meningitis worldwide yearly. Even when the illness is recognized early and ample remedy is began, between 5% and 10% of sufferers die, often 24 to 48 hours after signs first seem. Without remedy, up to 50% of instances can die.

Meningitis is irritation of the meninges, the membranes that encompass the mind, and will be brought on by viruses, micro organism, fungi, viruses, or parasites. “Symptoms will be viral like flu: fever, fatigue, loss of urge for food. Those with micro organism have stronger signs”, explains the physician and director of the Intensive Care of the Hapvida System, Franciane Gonçalves. There can be meningococcal meningitis, which is taken into account very harmful and which kills many individuals. Constant excessive fever, stiffness of the neck, which makes it tough to put the chin on the chest, purple spots on the physique”, provides the physician.

The Ministry of Health explains that the illness is frequent, whereas occasional outbreaks are extra frequent in kids below the age of 5. “For this cause, mother and father ought to listen to their kids’s vaccination card and adults ought to find out about further vaccinations. There is a SUS vaccine, free of cost. BCG, Pentavalent, Pneumococcal and Meningococcal are the necessary vaccines in opposition to meningitis, and there are a number of doses that needs to be taken. Without full remedy, an individual can get sick,” mentioned the physician.

It is a critical illness and one should know its indicators and signs as a result of, if detected and handled quickly, it will be cured with out leaving the affected person’s uncomfortable side effects. Therefore, when the primary signs seem, particularly essentially the most extreme ones, it is essential to get native medical assist as quickly as doable. They will be docs, hospitals or emergencies, you may’t keep at residence with these signs”, warns Franciane.

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Viral or bacterial meningitis is contagious and will be unfold via contact with the saliva or respiration of an contaminated individual. Not everybody who comes into contact with infectious brokers can develop the illness, relying on components such because the immune system, for instance. Good hygiene, akin to washing your fingers earlier than consuming, is essential in stopping the illness. Other preventive measures embody: avoiding contact, sustaining a well-ventilated space and environmental hygiene.

There is a vaccine in opposition to some varieties of Meningococcal Meningitis, however it doesn’t work for youngsters below 18 months of age. For kids over 18 months of age and older, the vaccine’s safety lasts for 1 to 4 years.

The analysis is predicated on the scientific examination of the affected person and the examination of the cerebrospinal fluid, the fluid that surrounds the nervous system, to decide the sort of infectious agent concerned. If bacterial meningitis is suspected, it is critical to prescribe the suitable medication, even earlier than the laboratory outcomes are launched. The threat of hostile results will increase if recognition and initiation of remedy are delayed. The neurological injury brought on by the illness in these instances will be irreversible.

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