understand how one of the largest programs in the world works – Portuguese (Brazil)

One of the largest vaccination programs in the world that, in the final 49 years, has led Brazil to get rid of and management a number of vaccine-preventable illnesses: PNI is the heritage of all Brazilians and the world. This abstract is for the National Vaccination Program, which is chargeable for planning the vaccination program in Brazil, from the buy of routine vaccines to the definition of individuals who will obtain the vaccine.

The Brazilian vaccination program gives, free of cost by the Unified Health System (SUS), greater than 20 vaccines for various illnesses, 17 vaccines for youngsters, seven for younger individuals, 5 for adults and the aged and three for pregnant ladies. It is all half of the National Immunization Calendar, a doc that establishes the use of routine vaccines at each stage of life.

History and place of PNI

It was created in 1973, the National Vaccination Program – PNI – is chargeable for the National Vaccination Policy which goals to scale back the unfold of illnesses to stop vaccination, the presence of extra circumstances and deaths, and to advertise the built-in work of well being evaluation to advertise , safety and prevention in the well being of the Brazilian inhabitants. .

The PNI is chargeable for explaining the nationwide vaccination coverage, from the acquisition of immunobiologicals to their availability in vaccination rooms, the institution of requirements and pointers on indications and pointers for vaccination in Brazil.

With virtually 50 years of existence and 47 completely different immunobiologicals offered, the PNI is one of the largest vaccination programs in the world, acknowledged by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), an arm of the World Health Organization (WHO), as a rustic. testimony.
PNI can be chargeable for defining the National Calendar, which incorporates routine vaccinations. This essential information accompanies all Brazilians from the first day of life, guiding the time and vaccinations that must be taken.

Immunizations from the Immunization Calendar

• Hepatitis B
• Paint (DTP/Hib/Hep B)
• 10 valent pneumococcal vaccine
• VIP (Vaccine Without Poliomyelitis)
• VRH (Human Rotavirus Vaccine)
• Meningococcal C (conjugated)
• OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
• Yellow fever
• MMR (measles, rubella, mumps)
• Tetraviral (measles, rubella, mumps, rooster pox)
• Hepatitis A
• DTP (three micro organism)
• Smallpox
• Quadrivalent HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

Understanding the National Program for the Use of Vaccines Against Covid-19 (PNO)

Also below the settlement of the Health Surveillance Secretariat (SVS), is the PNO – National Plan for the Operationalization of Vaccination towards Covid-19. The acronyms are related, however the features are completely different.

After the approval of the first Covid-19 vaccine by the National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) to be used in Brazil, the Ministry of Health has already created a doc that may information the vaccination marketing campaign, with the needed directions and pointers for the governments and municipalities. , to make sure that the assembly was held in the similar manner all through the nation – PNO. This was needed contemplating the emergency attributable to the virus and the brief timeframe for organizing the vaccination marketing campaign.

The PNO was constructed by the Ministry of Health, along with the National Council of Health Secretaries (Conass) and the National Council of Municipal Health Secretaries (Conasems) in collaboration with Scientific Societies, Class Councils and the Pan American Health Organization. /WHO).

The PNO describes and particulars the use of the Covid-19 vaccine in the nationwide territory, aided areas and municipalities, in addition to well being professionals in the preparation and use of the vaccine. Since the begin of the marketing campaign, about 520 million vaccines have been distributed to the states and the Federal District.

The covid-19 vaccine

For every vaccine to be included in the PNI National Vaccination Calendar, a technical analysis is important, considering a number of components, corresponding to the epidemiological scenario, the course of the illness over time and the kind of vaccine. The system additionally passes by way of the analysis of the National Commission for Incorporation of Technologies in the Unified Health System (Conitec).

It is essential to make clear that the Covid-19 vaccines used in Brazil – Astrazeneca, Janssen, Pfizer and Coronavac – proceed to observe the pointers of the PNO and the worldwide vaccination marketing campaign is progressing primarily based on the suggestions of the Ministry of Health printed in the replace of the doc being printed in version 13. Therefore, those that shield the vaccine towards Covid-19 should undergo a number of steps earlier than declaring their inclusion in the calendar, respecting the technical technique of inclusion outlined by the Ministry of Health.

See the vaccinations supplied in the World Vaccination Calendar for every stage of life:

Giurla Martins
Ministry of Health

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